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installation_manual

Warnings

  • The main unit can get very hot. This is completely normal. Be careful not to get burned when touching the main unit regardless of whether it is turned on or off. After the main unit has been turned off it takes several minutes to cool down.
  • Make sure you leave a space of at least 15 cm (6 inches) to the sides, to the back and to the top of the main unit. This space is needed for ventilation purposes. Do not cover and do not place objects on the main unit less than 15 cm (6 inches) from it. Do not insert object through the ventilation holes.
  • Keep out of reach of children
  • Make sure you place the main unit on a perfectly horizontal vibration free surface
  • Do not move the main unit when turned on
  • Do not operate or store the main unit under strong magnetic fields
  • Do not remove, modify or move any default firewall rules if you're not sure what they mean. Default firewall rules are designed to ensure maximum protection and proper functioning. Incorrect firewall configuration may interrupt network connectivity or expose tumaBox and your local network to external threats.

First Time Install

  1. Make sure you read carefully all the warnings and comply with all requirements
  2. Unpack all items and insert the batteries in the remote control. See package contents for more details.
  3. Connect the cables as follows:
    • Connect the 2 anntenas to the main unit. Make sure to screw the plugs properly but without forcing them
    • Connect the infrared sensor to a USB port on the main unit
    • Connect the network cable (UTP with RJ-45 plug) from your ISP connection to ethernet port 1 on the main unit
    • Connect the network cable (UTP with RJ-45 plug) from your computer to ethernet port 2 on the main unit. If you will only use wireless you can skip this connection.
    • Connect the TV to the HDMI port or a monitor to the DVI port on the main unit
    • Optionally connect the keyboard or mouse
  4. If your tumaBox comes with a USB flash stick (not for SSD edition) plug the provided flash stick into a USB port on the tumaBox main unit
  5. Plug in the provided power adapter and then connect it to the main unit
  6. Turn on the connected TV or monitor and choose the appropriate input source if necessary
  7. Power on the main unit by pressing the power button on the front of the main unit
  8. When you turn on tumaBox for the first time it will run the autoconfiguration routine. This can take several minutes. Please be patient and wait until it finishes
  9. When autoconfiguration is finished you will see the media player graphical interface on your screen
  10. If you use a cable connection from your computer it should have connected automatically. Make sure that the computer is connected successfully. If it hasn't connected properly try to switch the ethernet cables on the main box and then wait 1 minute and check again. If it still doesn't work refresh your ip settings on your computer and/or reboot tumaBox
  11. If you use only your wireless connection (you didn't connect any network cable from your computer) you need to connect to the wlan access point. The access point is named 'tumabox' and the password is 'tumaboxwlan'. Wait until you see the access point on your wireless device( computer, notebook, mobile phone, tablet…). It may take a while even after the main unit finished booting.
  12. When the computer is connected either wireless or wired, open up your favorite web browser and enter the following url: http://192.168.1.1
  13. On the login page use the username 'admin' and password 'tumabox'
  14. The very first thing you need to do is to change your password. On the left panel go to System → General Settings. On the right panel switch to the 'Web Administrator Password' and type in the new password. Click the 'Save' button . Make sure you do not skip this step and do not forget the new password as from now on this will be your 'admin' password and you will have to use it to access the configuration area.
  15. On the left panel go to System → Date & Time. On the right panel choose the appropriate time zone and check 'Use NTP server' if you want your time to be periodically synchronized to public time servers from the internet. Click the 'Save' button and then the 'Apply' button in the top right corner (it make take a few seconds to apear).
  16. On the left panel go to System → Network. On the right panel go to 'Interfaces' tab. Here you have to configure the network interface according to your internet provider instructions. Your external internet connection will always be eth0 and this is the only one you need to configure. If your provider uses PPPoE (ask your provider if you do not remember) and you connect it directly to tumaBox (no router in between) go to the PPPoE tab, check 'Enabled' and put your PPPoE username and password given to you by your internet provider. Click the 'Save' button and then the 'Apply' button in the top right corner.If your internet is via DHCP you should have already been connected by default and for other types, edit the eth0 according to your provider informations.This is a key step, so be sure to get it right from the first time.
  17. On the left panel go to System → Wireless AP and modify the settings as needed. It's very important to change the password, because the password you have now is public. You can change your SSID, this will be your wireless network name. If you decide to change the channel you should know that some channels may not be available in your location or they might not work properly. If you choose a wrong channel you might not be able to connect at all. If you're not sure choose channel 5,6 or 7. Click the 'Save' button and then the 'Apply' button in the top right corner. If you have connected via wireless you will have to reconnect using the new password and options.

By default tumaBox is configured with what we think to be optimal settings. Of course these don't suit everybody and this is why further configuration might be necessary. The default firewall rules (you can access them at System → Network and then 'Firewall' tab) allow all local traffic and only owncloud, openvpn and bittorrent traffic from outside. If you need any other services to be accessible from the internet you will have to add the appropriate rules here. Please notice that IPv4 and IPv6 rules are configured separately.

Do not remove, modify or move any default firewall rules if you're not sure what they mean. Default firewall rules are designed to ensure maximum protection and proper functioning. Incorrect firewall configuration may interrupt network connectivity or expose tumaBox and your local network to external threats. Make sure you really know what you're doing before modifying firewall rules.

Connecting to tumaBox

By default tumaBox comes with SMB/CIFS, owncloud and openvpn preconfigured and activated. These are the most common ways to access data across the network. SMB/CIFS is accessible only from the local network while owncloud can be accessed from the internet as well. Openvpn can help you access all your data and services (including SMB/CIFS) from the internet just as you would from your local network but via encrypted connections. Owncloud connections are already encrypted so you don't have to use openvpn to access it.

SMB/CIFS

This protocol is primarily used on Windows but it can also be accessed from virtually any other OS. If you use Windows open Windows Explorer and go to Network. If you already see tumaBox just click on it and you will have there the entire tumaBox storage.

You can also map a drive for tumaBox. Just right click on Network and choose 'Map network drive'. You will then have to enter \\192.168.1.1\tumaBox and then choose a preferred letter for the drive. You will then be able to use tumaBox storage just as any other drive.

On other operating systems the procedure is similar. Please refer to your operating system documentation regarding accessing Windows shares. You will still have to use \\192.168.1.1\tumaBox if your computer does not automatically see the share. You may also have to replace backslashes with slashes depending on your operating system.

TumaCloud subdomain

In order to make your tumaBox visible from the internet in a simple way you have to configure tumaCloud dynamic dns. You will need this service to access any tumaBox service from the internet, including Owncloud and Openvpn. This is an additional service provided by tumaBox for free for all tumaBox customers.

In your tumaBox administration web interface (http://192.168.1.1 from any browser) got to System → Network → Dynamic DNS. Choose a preferred name for your subdomain and check 'Enable'. Then click 'Save' and 'Apply'. If your subdomain has already been registered by another user an error message will appear and you will have to choose another name and repeat the procedure until it is successful.

Owncloud

Owncloud is an open source software already preinstalled and preconfigured on tumaBox. It does what it name says: it allows you to use the entire tumaBox storage capacity to create your own private cloud. You can access it with any web browser (probably most popular), with client applications available for most popular operating systems or with webdav (for advanced users). You can share your files and folders, you can choose who has access to your data, you can let other users upload and download data; you can set limits and permissions to determine exactly “who” can do “what” with your storage. Owncloud can also integrate with other cloud services.

In order to access owncloud from the internet you first have to make tumaBox visible from the internet. In order to do this the most simple method is to get a dynamic dns subdomain from tumacloud (see the section above). Once you have configured tumaCloud dynamic dns successfully go to Diagnostics → System Information in your tumaBox web administration interface. At the bottom of the table you will see the link to your tumaBox owncloud, the default username and password. When you click on the link your browser will complain about the connection not being secure. This is unfortunately a limitation of the current technology and in this particular case you should mark the connection as trusted. Please refer to your browser documentation on how to do this. Unfortunately you will have to repeat this procedure on any other computer when you try to access tumaBox owncloud. If you want maximum security access owncloud only over Openvpn connection and then you can be sure that your connection is secure no matter how much your browser is complaining.

Once you have bypassed your browser warnings you will see the owncloud login page. Your username is admin and the default password is the one you saw in the tumaBox administration interface. Once you login you should change the password and/or create a different account. Please refer to owncloud documentation on how to do that.

Openvpn

Openvpn is an open source project aimed at created vpns: a virtual private network over the internet with encrypted connections. With openvpn you basically put yourself on your local network even if you're miles away from anywhere over the internet. And you do this in a very secure way with encrypted connections.

Openvpn is preconfigured and preactivated on tumaBox but you have to configure it on your computer/laptop/tablet/phone as well. In order to do this you will have to install the openvpn client for your device. Then go to tumaBox administration web interface to Services → Openvpn. In the Certificates tab you will already have 3 certificates. You will have to click on one of them, download it, move it to your device and use it in your openvpn client application. Please make sure that on each device you use a different certificate. You can create your own certificates as well.

Once the openvpn connection is activated properly your tumaBox will be accessible with the ip 172.16.1.1 from your device.

Caveats

  • It may take a few seconds before the 'Apply' button appears. Please wait for it to appear. Otherwise the configuration change is NOT applied NOR saved.
  • Failing to change your wireless network password will make your entire local network accessible to virtually anyone because the default password is public
  • tumaBox relies on the local network ip to be 192.168.1.1 and your local network to be 192.168.1.0/24. It's not enough to change these ips in the tumaBox administration web interfaces because things will break.
  • tumaBox also relies on eth0 being the “outside” interface (connected to your internet provider) and eth1 being the local interface (connected to your local network).

What to do next

  • Check out the Cool things to do with tumaBox page to see some ideas of what you could do with this wonderful box
  • If you have any questions, problems or suggestions check out the tumaBox forum. We visit the forum regularly and try to help the best we can.
  • Check out @tumaBox on Twitter to stay up to date with the latest tumaBox news
  • Visit tumaBox Wiki to see information about tumaBox
  • Visit http://wiki.openmediavault.org to learn more about how to configure tumabox services
  • Visit http://wiki.xbmc.org to learn about all the wonderful media center features of tumabox
  • Enjoy!

Troubleshooting

I can't see any tumabox wireless connection

If you didn't got through all the above steps you might be better off using a wired connection to make the initial configuration. If you still want to use the wireless connection you might have to perform a rescan on your device (maybe the refresh button) or even a manual connection setup. Refer to the documentation of your device for this.

There is also a possiblity that you device might be incompatible with the tumabox default wireless settings especially if it's an older device. We try to insure maximum compatibility with our default settings but we can't cover all the devices. You might want to try with another wireless device or even better with a wired device.

If you used to have connectivity with the default settings and you lost connectivity after changing wireless settings you will have to connect with a wired device to change the wireless settings on tumabox.

When having wireless connectivity problems you should try changing the channel. In order to do that go to 'Wireless AP' on the configuration interface (http://192.168.1.1). You can start with channel 5,6 or 7. Don't forget to press the change button and then the 'Save changes' button.

I can't connect with my wired connection

First of all you have to give it a minute or two after the main unit finished booting in order for the wired computer to obtain an ip address. The first thing to do is to try to renew the ip address. Depending on your operating system this can sometimes be achieved by disabling the network interface and re-enabling it. Again give it a minute or two to obtain the ip address.

If it still doesn't work switch the ethernet ports on tumabox. Plug the network cable from your ISP on tumabox ethernet port 2 and the local computer cable to ethernet port 1. Then redo all the above steps.

installation_manual.txt · Last modified: 2014/10/18 11:45 by admin